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THE DACIAN FORTRESSES AND FORTIFICATIONS OF COSTESTI, BLIDARU AND SARMISEGETUZA, MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES

Translated by Kirsty Bennett, Matt Canty, Francine Gardner and haiducul



Close to the Dacian fortifications, and especially within the capital Sarmisegetuza, there have been discoveries of several large fortifications (doesn't make sense-be more specific) . They formed a unified system of fortification with characteristics dependent on terrain.
The Dacian fortifications that have been analysed are amongst the most important constructions outside of the Roman Empire. Characteristics of these fortifications are as follows:
Terraces constructed bymovinglarge masses of earth layer by layer and stabilised by the planting of trees.
Altering the surface of the terrain in order to make access into the fortress difficult for invaders.
Splitting the fortification interior into various sections, providing necessary retreats for thedefenders inside.
A wall positioned close to the entrance of the fortification so that invading forces could be separated from each other.
The discovery of iron, thought to have been used within the fortifications.
Underground caves with several entrances, showing evidence of having been flooded.
Rocks used for building, cut diagonally in order to strengthen the wall.
The walls were constructed out of two parallel walls joined by wooden ties. The space between the two walls was filled with small rocks. Not only did this provide great strength, but also insulation and ventilation.
A special system of walls to prevent shifting earth
An efficient collection of drains to collect the rainwater from the walls and the interior of the fortifications.
The interiors have certain dimensions that prove sound could be carried throughout the fortification.
The mortar used for the water tank had septic properties.